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Chronic Disease Prevention

Chronic Disease Chart

Chronic diseases are defined as slow, progressive illnesses that worsen over time. They include, but are not limited to, cardiovascular disease, stroke, arthritis, asthma, diabetes, hypertension, and obesity. In the United States, it is estimated that 6 out of 10 people have a chronic illness, 4 in 10 people have two or more chronic illnesses.

One chronic illness that has received increased attention in recent years is obesity. It is defined as having a Body Mass Index of 30 or higher and puts you at increased risk for other chronic illnesses such as heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, arthritis-related disabilities, and some cancers. In the United States, 27.1% of the population is considerated obese; in Clayton County the rate of obesity is 37.6%.

There are many factors that contribute to the high rate of obesity in Clayton County. According to the 2016 Community Health Assessment 26.6% of Clayton County residents reported no leisure time or physical activity versus 22.6% in the United States. Clayton County residents eating habits did not fare well either; 79% of adults in Clayton County reported inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables versus 75.7% in the United States.

To reduce the incidence of chronic diseases, including obesity, Clayton County residents are encourged to do the following:

  1. Quit Smoking - For assistance and available resources contact the Georgia Tobacco Quit Line at 1-877-270-7867. They provide effective, evidence-based interventions to help you quit smoking and using smokeless tobacco products.
  2. Eat Healthy - A balanced diet of fruit, veggies, whole grains, lean meats, and low-fat dairy products is important for good health. If you are overweight, losing 5% to 7% of your body weight can help prevent or delay type 2 diabetes.
  3. Get regular physical activity - Regular physical activity can help prevent, delay or manage chronic diseases. Aim for at least 150 minutes of activity eack week.
In addition to encouraging the adoption of healthy lifestyle changes, the Clayton County Board of Health (CCBOH) is also working to implement population-based health strategies while paying close attention to the social determinants of health. We want to make the healthy choice the easy choice where residents live, learn, work, and play. We are in the process of forming partnerships with schools, recreational centers, government and non-government entities.
To learn more about the Clayton County Board of Health Chronic Disease Prevention Program or if you want to assist us in our chronic disease prevention efforts, contact the Clayton County Board of Health at 678-610-7199.